Plastic surgery is an area of medicine that focuses on the improvement or restoration form and function. Although cosmetic or aesthetic plastic surgery may be the most well-known, plastic surgery covers a wide range of procedures, including reconstructive, hand, and microsurgery.
Reconstructive Plastic Surgery is used to treat functional problems caused by burns. The main purpose of reconstructive surgery is to restore function. But it can be done in an attempt to mimic a natural look. If you are looking for the best plastic surgery, you can visit plastic surgeon houston for a better experience.
Most common are breast reductions, breast removal, laceration repair and scar repair. According to American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS), the number of breast reconstructions performed on women in 2007 increased by 2 % compared with the previous year. The breast reduction rate for men rose by 7 per cent in 2007. Breast reconstruction following mastectomy is another common procedure. Others include cleft palate and lip surgery, burns survivors contracture surgery and creating an outer ear if one was congenitally missing.
Microsurgery is used by plastic surgeons to cover a defect in the absence of local tissue. Microsurgery is used to remove flaps from the skin, muscles, bones, fat or combinations of these tissues, move them elsewhere on the body to cover a defect, then reconnect to blood flow by sewing arteries and vessels as small 1 to 2 millimeters.
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery is the use of surgical and medical methods to “enhance” appearance. This includes maintaining normal appearance or improving it in some way beyond what it was before.
Although media and advertisements play a major role in the lives of many, scientists believe that obsession with plastic surgery is related to psychological disorders. Researchers believe that body dysmorphic disorders play a significant role in the lives those obsessed with undergoing plastic surgery to attain physical perfection.
BDD happens when someone “becomes preoccupied by what they perceive as flaws in their faces or bodies.” In the United States about 2% sufferers of body dysmorphic and around 15% visit dermatologists or cosmetic surgeons. Suicide can be a result of this disorder. Cosmetic surgery is not a popular choice for half of patients who have BDD. BDD cannot be treated with surgery. It could even worsen the condition. Treatment is made more complicated by the fact that it’s difficult to pinpoint exactly what problem exists. Some people say that it is depression. However, depending on which part the patient is obsessed with could mean a subdisorder such as anorexia.
Plastic surgery involves the reconstruction of or the replacement of any physical defect of function or form in the areas of skin, the musculoskeletal structure, the hand, the extremities, the breast and trunk or external genitalia. It also includes cosmetic enhancements of these parts of the body. Cosmetic surgical principles are used by the plastic surgeon to both improve appearance as well as optimize outcomes of reconstructive surgery. It is important to have special skills and knowledge in the creation and operation of grafts, tissue flaps, free tissues transfer, and replantation.
Two main plastic surgeries exist: Cosmetic plastic surgery and Reconstructive plastic surgery. Cosmetic plastic surgery is intended to make a patient look better on a pure aesthetic basis, without regard for any physical deformity. In reconstructive surgery, the goal is to improve any deformed, abnormal, or grossly distorted physical characteristic. This can be due to a trauma or illness. Reconstructive surgeries are often not limited to addressing a body’s appearance. They also aim to fix or improve a functional deficiency.